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       Agroforestry / Countermeasures for global warming  International development
Project name Countermeasures for climate change through conversion of coconut farmers to agroforestry
Target country Philippines
地域名 Region of Leyte Region Rural area around
Albuela, Tanawan, Paro.
Leyte Province Rural area around the city of Tanawan in the northeast
Leyte Province Rural area around Paro city in the northeast
Activity period 2015-2018Albuela
2019-2020 Tanawan
2020-2022 Northeast Paro City 
Local implementing organization WAND Foundation
Fund Grant Global Environment Fund, Albuela 6,700,000 yen
Toyota Environmental Grant Project, Tanawan 6,900,000 yen
The Mitsui & Co. Environment Fund, Paro 7,000,000 yen
Overview

For the coconut farmers and local environment around Tanawan City in northeastern Leyte, which had been severely damaged by the Haiyan typhoon in November 2013, through conversion to Agroforestry (AF) and biodiversity improvement through afforestation Enhance capacity to adapt to climate change.The AF system uses demo farm farmers who are eager to spread the farming sector, and disseminate organic cultivation of a wide variety of fruits, trees, vegetables and moss through training of coconut farmers affected by typhoons. In addition, the local organization that will take over the project will be used as the primary agricultural cooperative to increase farmers' income through the sale of agricultural products.



 <Activity reports>
The Mitsui & Co. Environment Fund grant project, Paro Top page
2020
2020.9
April to September 2020
April 2020

2019
SDGs体験 地球変動対策ユースワークショップ
アグロフォレストリーと植林に依拠した気候変動適応能力の強化 三井物産環境基金
1年目中間報告  First year interm reprot

事業開始  Project start
調査 Northeast rural survey

Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program grant project, Tanawan
Project report website → here

January 2020 - June 2020
August - December 2019
August 2019

January - June 2019

August - December 2018
2年目中間報告  Second year first half interim report
1年目中間報告② Project in Tanawan Interim report② s
現地視察 Visit to Tanawan 
1年目中間報告 Project start in Tanawan Interim report

事業開始 Project start

Japan Fund for Global Environment (JFGE) grant project, Albuela
 Top page
2018 August 2017
April 2017-March 2018
April 2016-March 2017
May 2015-April 2016
Transfer to local organization (WACCA) 3rd year
Albuela business site 2nd year
Started business in Albuela 1st year
A survey of the western rural area of Leyte Island Ormoc Albuela




 <Activity scenery>







Tanawan City Rural Community Activity Video (6min)
July 2019 WAND production



Necessity of Projects

n November 2013, a typhoon Haiyan called Yolanda attacked in the country in November 2013, causing serious damage to the economy, society and environment of Leyte Island, the most severely damaged country. The number of domestic victims of the typhoon is said to be about 10,000. The main impact on the environment and economy of local farms in Typhoon Haiyang is a serious blow to the lives of coconut farmers and surrounding forests. The typhoon Haiyan's invasion resulted in massive destruction and disappearance of tropical and coconut trees. This resulted in more severe soil erosion, landslides (which caused more than one household victim in Tanauan, northeastern Leyte), and reduced freshwater supply. For this reason, recovery of tropical forests is an urgent task. However, many farmers in the affected areas are still unaware of farming methods other than coconut cultivation due to long-standing dependence on coconut agriculture. In addition, many coconut farmers are embedded in coconut local trading systems mediated by middlemen and do not know how to sell other crops. They lost their way of life due to the loss of coconut trees and relied solely on aid and non-farm work. Even if you want to resume coconut farming, it will take at least 8 years for newly planted trees to grow and produce fruit. So they need to get an alternative means of living by then. Furthermore, if disaster-stricken farmers continue to rely solely on coconuts as a source of income in the future, similar disasters may occur if similar disasters triggered by climate change occur. Therefore, there is an urgent need not only for the recovery of coconut cultivation but also for the recovery of local forests and the recovery of the farm economy of coconut farmers.




Activity strategy and countermeasures

The proposed agroforestry system is a mixed agriculture that incorporates various vegetables, root vegetables and fruits. These crops are used not only for farm household consumption but also for their market sales. Coconut trees are also grown as a future source of income. Planted bamboo (bamboo), high value-added fruit trees and wood trees are used for self-consumption and sales, but these are not limited to economic purposes. They are the improvement of soil erosion, where precious soil is lost because the wind speed of the surface increases due to the destruction of the forest covering the surface due to the influence of the typhoon, and the exposed soil is washed away into the sea and rivers by rain. Connected. In addition, such afforestation activities can restore the function of the “natural dam”, in which the forest soil retains moisture during rainfall for a long period of time and supplies a certain amount of available fresh water on a regular basis. . In addition, crops and trees are cultivated based on organic farming and low-input technology, which reduces the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, helps protect people's health and the environment, and enables connection to a premium market. In addition, manure is used as an organic fertilizer through goat and pig breeding, and the root vegetables grown are also used as livestock feed (material circulation in the system). Thus, this agroforestry project does not simply address either “reconstruction of affected farmers” or “preservation of the natural environment in the affected areas”. It emphasizes the “coexistence of the environment and development” in which affected farmers strengthen their economic bases through the protection of the local natural environment, and achieve recovery from disasters in both nature and humans. In December 2016, the first year of the project, Visaya State University will conduct an initial survey on the current state of coconut farmers in the target area and identify farmers who want to convert to agroforestry. The Wand Foundation will then provide the necessary resources and training for farmers who want to convert. Farmers who have succeeded in conversion will promote agricultural dissemination among farmers by becoming a demonstration farm where other farmers learn their experiences and methods and also serve as a source of timber for other farmers. The anticipated risk is that it is difficult for individual farmers to sell food in the local market, mainly mediated by middlemen. This difficulty will be dealt with by establishing a primary cooperative that will be marketed and sold by representatives selected from the Demo Farm.


   
<Activity scenery>                                                        
The Distributing seedlings Agricultural technology seminar Distributing seedlings Poultry farming

Poultry farming


The Seminar material Filling of culture medium Seedling cultivation

On-site inspection meeting

Tree planting


 

          






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